World Chess Champion Tigran Petrosyan would be 80

17/06/2009 12:01

World Chess Champion Tigran Petrosyan would be 80


Tigran Petrosian (June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969. Were he still alive, the 9th World Chess Champion would be 80 years old today.

He was nicknamed "Iron Tigran" due to his playing style because of his almost impenetrable defence, which emphasised safety above all else.[1] He was a Candidate for the World Championship on eight occasions (1953, 1956, 1959, 1962, 1971, 1974, 1977 and 1980). He won the world championship in 1963 (against Botvinnik), successfully defended it in 1966 (against Spassky), and lost it in 1969 (to Spassky). Thus he was the defending World Champion or a World Champion candidate in ten consecutive three-year cycles. He won the Soviet Championship four times (1959, 1961, 1969, and 1975). He was arguably the hardest player to beat in the history of chess, according to Wikipedia.

A significant step for Petrosian was moving to Moscow in 1949, where he began to play and win many tournaments. Moscow, along with Leningrad and Kiev, was one of the three major Soviet chess cities. He won the 1951 tournament in Moscow, and began to show steady progress. By 1952 Petrosian became a Soviet and international Grandmaster in chess. Prior to taking up chess full time though, Petrosian was a caretaker and a road sweeper. In 1952, he married Rona Yakovlevna Avinezar, a translator who was active in chess circles.

His results in the triennial Candidates Tournament, held to determine the challenger to the world champion, showed a steady improvement: fifth at Zürich in 1953, equal third at Amsterdam in 1956, third in Yugoslavia in 1959.
In the 1963 World Championship cycle, he won the Candidates tournament at Curaçao in 1962, then in 1963 he defeated Mikhail Botvinnik 12.5–9.5 to become World Chess Champion. His patient, defensive style frustrated Botvinnik, who only needed to make one risky move for Petrosian to punish him. Petrosian is the only player to go through the Interzonal and the Candidates process undefeated on the way to the world championship match.
Petrosian shared first place with Paul Keres at the Piatigorsky Cup, Los Angeles 1963, his first tournament after winning the championship.

Petrosian defended his title in 1966 by defeating Boris Spassky 12.5–11.5. He was the first World Champion to win a title match while champion since Alekhine beat Bogoljubov in 1934. In 1968, he was granted a PhD from Yerevan State University for his thesis, "Chess Logic". In 1969 Spassky got his revenge, winning by 12.5–10.5 and taking the title.

He was the only player to win a game against Bobby Fischer during the latter's 1971 Candidates matches, finally bringing an end to Fischer's amazing streak of twenty consecutive wins (seven to finish the 1970 Palma de Mallorca Interzonal, six against Taimanov, six against Larsen, and the first game in their match). Nevertheless Petrosian lost the match.

Along with a number of other Soviet Chess champions, he signed a petition condemning the actions of the defector Viktor Korchnoi in 1976. It was the continuation of a bitter feud between the two, dating back at least to their 1974 Candidates semi-final match which Petrosian withdrew from after five games while trailing 3.5-1.5 (+3−1=1). His match with Korchnoi in 1977 saw the two former colleagues refuse to shake hands or speak to each other. They even demanded separate eating and toilet facilities. Petrosian went on to lose the match and was subsequently fired as editor of Russia's largest chess magazine, 64. His detractors condemned his reluctance to attack and some put it down to a lack of courage. At this point however, Botvinnik spoke out on his behalf, stating that he only attacked when he felt secure and his greatest strength was in defence.

Some of his late successes included victories at Lone Pine 1976 and in the 1979 Paul Keres Memorial tournament in Tallinn (12/16 without a loss, ahead of Tal, Bronstein and others), shared first place (with Portisch and Huebner) in the Rio de Janeiro Interzonal the same year, and second place in Tilburg in 1981, half a point behind the winner Beliavsky. It was here that he played his last famous victory, a miraculous escape against the young Garry Kasparov. Petrosian died of stomach cancer in 1984 in Moscow. Petrosian is buried in Vagankovo Cemetery and in 1987 13th World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov unveiled a memorial in the cemetery at Petrosian's grave which depicts the laurel wreath of world champion and an image contained within a crown of the sun shining above the twin peaks of Mount Ararat - the national symbol of Petrosian's native Armenia.

"I'm absolutely convinced that in chess - although it remains a game - there is nothing accidental. And this is my credo. I like only those chess games, in which I have played in accordance with the position requirements... I believe only in logical and right game," Tigran Petrosyan said.
 


In case you have found a mistake in the text, please send a message to the editor by selecting the mistake and pressing Ctrl-Enter.

Newsfeed

Today, 16:32 Georgi Kutoyan left for his apartment on Paruyr Sevak street telling family members about his intention to rest for 2-3 days: IC unveils details Today, 14:33 “Viber Stickers”: say it with a sticker Today, 13:58 Azerbaijan violates ceasefire regime over 80 times during past week Today, 13:36 News on untimely death of NSS former director Georgi Kutoyan painful and shocking: NSS Today, 13:11 Ex-CC chairman considers revelation of Georgi Kutoyan’s death circumstances extremely important Today, 13:01 Three persons stop hunger strike at Hospital of Convicts Today, 11:57 Australia fires: Heavy rains hit some blaze-hit regions Today, 11:15 Artur Vanetsyan’s former spokesperson denies information about being awarded nominal weapon by NSS ex-director: Zhoghovurd Today, 10:46 New Chinese virus 'will have infected hundreds' Today, 10:32 Two earthquakes of 4-5 and 3 magnitudes registered 10 km of Armenia’s Ashotsk community 17/01/2020 19:35 Georgi Kutoyan was wounded in the temple 17/01/2020 19:19 Kutoyan’s case may be a crime shown as suicide: IC top official says different hypotheses will be viewed 17/01/2020 18:52 Armenia’s third president expresses condolences on death of Georgi Kutoyan, says shocked of the news 17/01/2020 17:03 Viva-MTS: new corporate logo 17/01/2020 16:47 NSS ex-director’s body discovered by his spouse 17/01/2020 16:37 Traces of shots discovered on walls of NSS ex-director’s apartment 17/01/2020 16:07 I am shocked, in near future the details of the case will be clear: Alen Simonyan on Georgi Kutoyan’s death 17/01/2020 15:11 Body of ex-chief of National Security Service Georgi Kutoyan found with gun wound 17/01/2020 15:02 Panama: Seven people found dead after suspected exorcism 17/01/2020 14:39 My Step faction discusses visions of 2020, to work more to double results registered in 2019: NA vice-speaker 17/01/2020 14:24 My Step faction head says no issue of gas tariff growth discussed now 17/01/2020 13:19 Armenia’s MFA reports about meetings on Karabakh after agreeing all details: spokesperson 17/01/2020 13:11 PM’s Administration confirms – Nairi Hunanyan addressed a letter to PM Pashinyan 17/01/2020 13:03 Ukraine PM Honcharuk offers to quit in audiotape furore 17/01/2020 12:11 EU follows closely developments over Armenia’s Constitutional Court: ambassador 17/01/2020 12:06 Endangering funding of Armath labs to seriously affect future of IT sector in Armenia: Artur Vanetsyan 17/01/2020 11:52 VivaCell-MTS and Fuller Center for Housing Armenia hosted by the Muradyans from Mayakovski village, in frames of reporting visits 17/01/2020 11:23 Manvel Grigoryan’s health condition deteriorated more on day of release: Armenia’s Ombudsman 17/01/2020 11:00 China's economic growth hits three-decade low 17/01/2020 10:35 Khamenei to lead Friday prayers for first time since 2012 17/01/2020 10:25 Gazprom Armenia to likely apply to Public Services Regulatory Commission for raising gas tariff 16/01/2020 19:03 Armenia’s PM congratulates Mikhail Mishustin on appointment 16/01/2020 18:36 Fourfold increase in 4G/LTE traffic in VivaCell-MTS network on New Year's Eve and the first day of the year compared to the same period a year ago 16/01/2020 18:34 Armenia’s PM announces new phase of repressions against opposition media and two TV channels: Aghasi Yenokyan 16/01/2020 18:11 Armenian contract serviceman wounded by Azerbaijani sniper, condition is grave 16/01/2020 18:07 Gas price for consumers may be raised: Gazprom Armenia to possibly apply for raising gas tariff 16/01/2020 17:10 Kashmir avalanche: Girl rescued after 18 hours buried in snow 16/01/2020 16:51 Law on sending CC judges to pension adopted with violations: National Anti-Corruption Council 16/01/2020 16:18 Man arrested in Peru airport with 20 birds in suitcase 16/01/2020 15:21 Armenia’s Education Ministry allocates over 456 million AMD for bonuses to the staff in 2019 16/01/2020 14:29 It is yet early to speak about meeting of leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan: Armenia’s FM 16/01/2020 13:59 Our health condition is incompatible with imprisonment: three arrestees declare hunger strike, request meeting with prosecutor, justice minister 16/01/2020 13:27 Neanderthals 'dived in the ocean' for shellfish 16/01/2020 13:00 Ex-lawmaker Manvel Grigoryan’s health condition remains extremely grave: lawyer 16/01/2020 12:55 Armenia’s Justice Minister, U.S. Ambassador discuss anti-corruption reforms in Armenia 16/01/2020 12:46 Russian PM candidate Mishustin announces planned changes in new Cabinet 16/01/2020 12:30 Hrayr Tovmasyan’s defense team applies to investigative body to learn whether petition to carry out search of CC Chairman’s apartment was submitted or not 16/01/2020 11:58 Armenia’s PM urges to apply mechanisms to reveal real owners of TV companies 16/01/2020 11:35 People must be motivated to work: Armenia’s PM 16/01/2020 11:07 Putin nominates tax service chief Mikhail Mishustin as Russia's new PM 16/01/2020 10:30 Armenia’s PM’s next press conference scheduled for January 25 16/01/2020 10:19 US and China sign deal to ease trade war 15/01/2020 20:33 Ex-lawmaker Manvel Grigoryan to be released from custody 15/01/2020 18:20 Armenia’s Emergency Situations Ministry allocated over 1,8 billion AMD for bonuses to the staff in 2019 15/01/2020 18:14 Russian government resigns 15/01/2020 17:11 Artur Vanetsyan, Sasun Khachatryan interrogated over wiretapped conversation case earlier 15/01/2020 16:48 Extraordinary court hearing to be convened to discuss change of Manvel Grigoryan’s preventive measure following deterioration of his health condition 15/01/2020 16:37 Ex-chairman of State Revenue Committee Gagik Khachatryan hospitalized 15/01/2020 16:10 Nikol Pashinyan’s interrogation lasted 2,5 hours: Investigative Committee 15/01/2020 15:04 737 Max crisis: Boeing sees lowest orders in decades 15/01/2020 14:40 YSU Student Council president demands his case to be examined at SIS and not be limited with service examination 15/01/2020 14:14 Armenia’s Labor and Social Affairs Ministry allocated about 400 million AMD for bonuses to the staff 15/01/2020 13:25 Amazon in India: Jeff Bezos announces $1bn Indian investment 15/01/2020 12:44 ARMENIA WINE'S 2019 achievements and 2020 priorities 15/01/2020 12:36 Ruling faction deputies offer to pay off tuition fee of working students in form of income tax 15/01/2020 12:15 Similar, but different January. Baku 1990, Vilnius 1991: Lithuanian historian’s article dedicated to 30th anniversary of pogroms of Armenians in Baku 15/01/2020 11:53 Process of revealing fakes accelerates recently: information security expert 15/01/2020 11:18 NSS ex-chief explains what threats he warned about months ago 15/01/2020 11:07 Top Iranian diplomat says European nations’ decision on nuclear deal "strategic mistake" 15/01/2020 10:36 Decoding of downed Ukraine plane's black boxes to start on January 20 15/01/2020 10:14 Armenia’s PM Nikol Pashinyan is at Investigative Committee 14/01/2020 19:02 Hrayr Tovmasyan’s lawyer does not exclude unlawful arrest of his defendant 14/01/2020 17:05 Harry and Meghan: Boris Johnson 'confident' over future role 14/01/2020 16:20 Yeghvard maternity house to continue operating: Kotayk governor 14/01/2020 16:02 Bright Armenia faction deputies meet with Armenia’s DM Davit Tonoyan 14/01/2020 15:40 Armenia’s DM confirms Pashianyan’s statement about historic minimum of number of victims in the army 14/01/2020 15:17 Iran nuclear deal: European powers triggered dispute mechanism 14/01/2020 14:19 Several people arrested in Iran in Ukrainian plane crash case 14/01/2020 13:41 Ex-lawmaker Manvel Grigoryan transported to resuscitation department in grave condition: lawyer 14/01/2020 13:35 Kotayk governor to meet with Yeghvard residents and employees of maternity house today 14/01/2020 12:36 Over half billion AMD allocated for bonuses to Armenia's PM staff 14/01/2020 12:16 Monuments should be treated more cautiously: architect on opening historic layer under Republican Square 14/01/2020 12:01 About 1,000 people leave militants-controlled areas in Syria’s Idlib 14/01/2020 11:32 China sinkhole: Six killed as ground swallows bus 14/01/2020 11:09 Former deputy minister’s lawyer submits petition to interrogate education minister Arayik Harutyunyan 14/01/2020 11:03 Yeghvard residents continue protesting against closing maternity house 14/01/2020 10:57 Emergency Ministry warns about hardly passable roads in Armenia 14/01/2020 10:38 Australia fires: Smoke to make 'full circuit' around globe, Nasa says 14/01/2020 10:16 Oldest material on Earth discovered 13/01/2020 17:50 Torosyan became minister thanks to us and now he closes Yeghvard maternity house: residents 13/01/2020 16:35 EU not drafting sanctions against Iran for Ukrainian Boeing crash — source 13/01/2020 16:07 In 2019 Justice Ministry allocated about half billion AMD bonuses for employees 13/01/2020 15:41 Abkhazia’s parliament authorizes PM Bganba to act as president 13/01/2020 15:17 New Boeing chief executive takes over with 737 MAX crisis unresolved 13/01/2020 14:30 Yusaku Maezawa: Japanese billionaire seeks 'life partner' for Moon voyage 13/01/2020 14:04 Law about CC judges does not fit their qualities and ambitions: expert 13/01/2020 13:01 Civil Aviation Committee’s statement on flights over Iranian and Iraqi territories not groundless: Tatevik Revazyan 13/01/2020 13:00 Abkhazian president’s resignation officially confirmed 13/01/2020 12:43 Armenia expects serious flows in 2020: Civil Aviation Committee president 13/01/2020 12:35 SRC provides more bonuses to employees in 2019 receives less criticism